Evolution (10 Questions)

Questions

  1. Who is credited with proposing the theory of evolution by natural selection?
  2. What is the name of the ship that Charles Darwin sailed on during his voyage around the world, which influenced his ideas on evolution?
  3. Which term describes the process by which species evolve over time to better suit their environment?
  4. What is the name of the concept proposed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck suggesting that organisms pass on traits acquired during their lifetime to their offspring?
  5. What is the scientific term for the study of the evolutionary history of species?
  6. Which famous British biologist and naturalist developed the theory of sexual selection as a mechanism for evolution?
  7. What is the term for the process by which two distinct species evolve shared traits due to similar environmental pressures?
  8. Which island chain is famous for its role in the study of evolution, particularly for the unique species found there that contributed to Darwin’s ideas?
  9. What type of evidence, such as similar bone structures in different species, provides support for the theory of evolution?
  10. What term describes the occurrence where one species evolves into two or more new species?

Answers

  1. Charles Darwin is credited with proposing the theory of evolution by natural selection.
  2. The ship is called HMS Beagle.
  3. The term is natural selection.
  4. The concept is called Lamarckism or the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
  5. The scientific term is phylogenetics or cladistics.
  6. Charles Darwin developed the theory of sexual selection.
  7. The term is convergent evolution.
  8. The island chain is the Galápagos Islands.
  9. The type of evidence is comparative anatomy or homology.
  10. The term is speciation.

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